Socio-economic security
Socio-economic security refers to the way the essential needs of citizens with respect to their daily existence are addressed by the different systems and structures responsible for welfare provisions. This is the most straightforward of the elements in that it refers to tangibles.Socio-economic security regards the necessary material and other resources which available for the enhancement of the interaction of individual people as social beings, the subject matter of socio-economic security concerns the outcomes of the provision of protection by collective identities as conditions for processes of self-realisation,

Socio-economic security is the extent to which individual people have sufficient resources over time,

The subject matter of socioeconomic security in the context of the social quality theory means ‘realising oneself in a context of looking after each other and cooperating in social relations like households, families, (community) groups, municipalities, enterprises, national institutes and NGOs in order to cope with the uncertainties and risks of daily life’.

Socio-economic security is the degree to which people have sufficient resources over time.

Domain, Sub-Domain, Indicators


Sub Domains

Social Indicators

Financial Resources

Income Sufficiency

The average monthly consumption expenditure of household 

Income Security

Food and non alcoholic beverages


Clothing and footwear




Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fue

Housing and the environment

Housing security

Proportion of people who have certainty of keeping their home

Housing conditions

Average number of person per occupied housing uni

Environmental conditions (social and natural)

Proportion of population living in houses with lack of functioning basic amenities (water, sanitation and energy)

% of housing units with electricity

Piped water

People affected by criminal offences per 10,000 inhabitants

Quality of the environment index

Health and care

Security of health provisions

-Proportion of medical doctors per 10,000 inhabitants

Health services

-Average distance to hospitals/health care centers/clinics (accessibility)

Care services

number of places at care facilities expressed as a percentage of people who may require care


Employment security

No of accidents (fatal and non fatal) at work per 10,000 employed persons

Working conditions

Mean hours worked in Malaysia


Labor Force Survey Report


Security of education

-Proportion of pupils leaving school education without finishing compulsory education

Quality of education

-Proportion of students who within a year of leaving school with or without certificate are able to find employment.

Workforce without formal education

School participation rates and higher education participation rates

Percentage of population literate (Literacy rate)

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