Organization Culture Levels:
Organizational (corporate) culture is a pattern of basic assumptions that are considered valid and that are taught to new members as the way to perceive, think, and feel in the organization. Culture consists of the three levels of artifacts, values, and basic assumptions.
Symbols of culture in the physical and social work environment are called artifacts. Artifacts are the most visible and accessible level of culture. Artifacts include personal enactment, ceremonies and rites, stories, rituals, and symbols.

    Personal Enactment: Personal enactment is behavior that reflects the organization's values.
    Ceremonies and Rites: Ceremonies can be divided into organizational rites, including rites of passage, rites of enhancement, rites of renewal, rites of integration, rites of conflict reduction, and rites of degradation. They are relatively elaborate sets of activities that are enacted repeatedly on important occasions.
    Stories:Stories are rich carriers of organizational culture that give meaning and identity to organizations and help orient new employees. There are stories about the boss, stories about getting fired, stories about how the company deals with employees who have to relocate, stories about whether lower-level employees can rise to the top, stories about how the company deals with crisis situations, and stories about how status considerations work when rules are broken.
    Rituals:Everyday practices that are repeated frequently are known as rituals. Typically unwritten, rituals send a clear message about the way things are done in an organization.
    Symbols: Symbols communicate the culture through unspoken messages, and include company logos, company colors, and even mental images held by employees.
Values are a deeper level of culture that reflects underlying beliefs. An espoused value is what organizational members say they value, like ethical practice. Enacted values are values reflected in the way individuals actually behave, and may differ from espoused values.
Assumptions are deeply held beliefs that guide behavior and tell members of an organization how to perceive and think about things. They are often held at a level below consciousness and are difficult to measure.

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