Five Basic Emotions: Oatley and Johnson-Laird
Emotional Fat- Emotions not used in life vision and goal
Emotions are our feelings. Literally. We feel them in our bodies as tingles, hot spots and muscular tension. All humans have basic emotional needs. I used them as emotional fat, because sometimes we are overemotional. We need balance in life and emotions. Any imbalance could lead to depression and frustration.

All humans share these needs, each differs in the strength of the need, just as some of us need more water, more food or more sleep. One person may need more freedom and independence, another may need more security and social connections. One may have a greater curiosity and a greater need for understanding, while another is content to accept whatever he has been told.

Oatley and Johnson-Laird (1987; see PIP p.145) suggest there are five basic emotions

Link with goals


Key juncture of current goal/plan


Progress made on a current goal


Self-preservation (goal) threatened


Current goal not achievable


Current goal frustrated or blocked


A gustatory (taste) goal in violated

Emotion 1 : Happiness
All ethical theories accord some importance to human happiness.The simplest doctrine is that happiness is itself quite straightforward, consisting for example in occasions of pleasure; that agents only do seek or ought to seek their own happiness; and that there is no other possible or desirable end of action (see hedonism).
What causes happiness - scientific research
Looking for the level of happiness as reported by people, and comparing it to various elements in their life reveals the following findings:
1) about 50% of one's happiness depends of his genes. This is shown by studying identical twins, and learnig that their happiness is 50% correlated even when growing up in different houses.
2) 10-15% is a result of various measurable variables. Like socioeconomic status, marital status, health, income, and others.
3) The rest of the variance does not have a discernible cause. Called "unexplained variance". It may actually be attributed to noise.
Famous Quotes
"People who never achieve happiness are the ones who complain whenever they're awake, and whenever they're asleep, they are thinking about what to complain about tomorrow."
"We are happy when for everything inside us there is a corresponding something outside us."
Emotion 2 : Anxeity
It is a state of uneasiness and apprehension, as about future uncertainties.Anxiety is an unpleasurable affect in which the individual experiences a feeling of danger whose cause is unconscious.It reflects a combination of biochemical changes in the body, the patient's personal history and memory, and the social situation.It is marked by physiological signs such as sweating, tension, and increased pulse, by doubt concerning the reality and nature of the perceived threat, and by self-doubt about one's capacity to cope with it.
Famous Quotes
"Suspense is worst than disappointment"
"We were filled with anxiety at the thought of our parents finding out what we had done. "
Emotion 3 : Sadness
It is a normal emotional reaction to the loss or anticipated loss of access to a valued friend or loved one or cherished possession. Chronic sadness effects the heart, arteries and veins and can impair the absorption of food and emotions through the small intestine.Common inhibiting beliefs are: (1)my tears would never stop, (2)tears or sobbing would show weakness (unmanliness too), (3)others would disapprove.

Emotionally Healthy Adults (with respect to sadness) 1. are comfortable with sadness, their own and others. 2. allow their own wracking sobs and tears. 3. feel good once their sobs and tears have been expressed. 4. are not stuck in recurring sadness, which happens when (a)hatred is blocked, (b)one's spiritual system is an unhappy one or if (c)childhood hopelessness is being blocked.

Emotion 4- Anger
Anger is a powerful emotion. It can be used either in productive or counter-productive ways. It can lengthen or shorten our lives. It is like electricity. It can run large equipment or it can electrocute you.Here are more things to know about anger

Dealing with each instance of anger represents a choice. The basic alternatives are:

Respond with hostile action, including overt violence, Respond with hostile inaction, such as withdrawing or stonewalling , Initiate a dominance contest , Harbor resentment , Work to better understand and constructively resolve the issue

Famous Quotes
"Indulge not thyself in the passion of anger; it is whetting a sword to wound thine own breast, or murder thy friend."
"The more anger towards the past you carry in your heart, the less capable you are of loving in the present."
Emotion 5 - Disgust
Disgust is an emotion that is typically associated with things that are perceived as unclean, inedible, or infectious. recent study found that women and children were more sensitive to disgust than men.Disgust is a strong negative feeling of aversion or disapproval. Researchers attempted to explain this finding in evolutionary terms. While some find wisdom in adhering to one's feelings of disgust, some scientists have asserted that "reactions of disgust are often built upon prejudices that should be challenged and rebutted."

Disgust appears to play a role in moral judgment, moral conflict, and ethno-political violence. Disgust has clinical ramifications, for it seems to be involved in obsessive-compulsive disorder and in a variety of phobias.The Disgust Scale is a self-report personality scale that was developed by Jonathan Haidt, Clark McCauley, and Paul Rozin as a general tool for the study of disgust. It is used to measure individual differences in sensitivity to disgust, and to examine the relationships among different kinds of disgust.

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